The ipnotecnica is scientifically

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The ipnotecnica is scientifically proven by at least two centuries of systematic research

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Hypnosis has suffered centuries validation empirical constant, systematic, methodologically rigorous, the highest level of basic research and application occur in the international arena, universities and health facilities the most important in the world.

The ‘ International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis has three special issues devoted to empirical validation (evidence based) of hypnosis. As evidenced by Michael Nash, the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, presentation: “Hypnosis can be considered one of the most accurate methods of psychotherapeutic intervention that are based on research with over 7,000 publications on the subject since 1966, present in more than 150 different scientific journals of general medicine, psychology or interdisciplinary “[Nash].

Of the most influential scientists, that the members of the American Psychological Association have indicated that the 100 most eminent psychologists of the twentieth century, at least 14 have worked hard to produce significant research in the field of hypnosis [Haggbloom et Al].

The rigorous empirical validation dell’ipnotecnica is something very different from what happens in some other medical techniques (which are also sometimes used even when their empirical evidence is not very strong), but above all as opposed to a large part of other technical advice to the person, which refers extensively in practical psychology (sometimes with good empirical results), but that are rarely subjected to some scientifically rigorous experimental verification.

I remember that research on hypnosis has spread to major universities and scientific institutions and clinics around the world.

In general it is taught or used in the laboratory in most universities in the United States, as in many other countries, especially English. Have developed over time, even the true centers of excellence in the field of beauty.

Following the synthesis of McConkey and Pintar and Lynn, with some integration which comes from my personal experiences and acquaintances university: places and schools with the longest tradition ipnotistica (in English), some tens of years and in some cases more than a century, appear to be (according to a review of minimum and necessarily incomplete), shown next with some of their most representative, in alphabetical order:

Berkeley University, California at: Theodore Sarbin, John Kihlstrom.
Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada: Nicholas Spanos.
Colgate University, Hamilton, NY: George Estabrooks.
Columbia University: Herbert Spiegel.
Harvard University: William James, Morton Prince, Paul Campbell Young, Henry Murray, Robert White, Dierdre Barrett, Daniel Brown.
Medfield Foundation in Massachusetts: Theodore Barber.
Minnesota, University of: Auke Tellegen.
Montana, University of: John Watkins, Helen Watkins.
Oklahoma, University of: André Weitzenhoffer.
Palo Alto Mental Research Institute: Jay Haley.
Pennsylvania, University of Emily Orne, Martin Orne, Peter Bloom.
Sydney, University of: Gordon Hammer, Philip Sutcliffe.
Stanford University, California at: Ernest Hilgard, Josephine Rohr Hilgard, David Spiegel.
Tennessee, University of: Michael Nash.
Washington State University: Arreed Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz.
Wayne State University, Michigan: Milton Erickson.
Wisconsin, University of: Clark Hull.
In the past, the spread of suggestion in the medical field has been limited by the fact that its remarkable effectiveness empirical was not accompanied by an equally solid support of experimental data.

As noted authoritatively the National Institutes of Health NIH, historically, “A barrier to the integration of behavioral techniques and relaxation in the standard medical therapy was the emphasis that was placed exclusively on the biomedical model as the basis of medical education. The biomedical model defines the disease in terms of anatomical and pathophysiological. Switching to a bio-psycho-social model should give greater emphasis to the experience that the patient has the disease and balance its needs with its anatomical and physiological needs psycho-social “[National Institute of Health NIH

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